Referenced from the Canadian Dermatology Association
In Canada, the name “dermatologist” is reserved for medical specialists who have earned a medical degree and have completed an intensive five-year program of advanced medical and surgical training in the prevention, recognition, and treatment of diseases of the skin, hair, and nails. In order to become a Board-Certified Dermatologist in Canada, the following five major educational milestones must be successfully completed:
- Completion of an honours undergraduate program with a strong pre-med focus. After completion of a four-year program and passing the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT), application to medical school can be made.
- Medical School - consists of another four years of study after which the designation MD is awarded. During the last year of medical school, prospective dermatologists can apply to one of the eight accredited Canadian universities that offer a dermatology residency program.
- Residency Program – Once accepted into one of the Canadian dermatology residency programs, a further five years of education in medical and surgical training must be successfully completed. Canadian dermatology residency programs include:
-Two years of basic clinical training which must include twelve months of internal medicine and three months of pediatrics, plus rotations in rheumatology, infectious diseases, and oncology.
-Two years of approved residency training in dermatology which must include a minimum of one year in a General hospital.
-One additional year of approved residency training in clinical or basic research related dermatology or pathology training.
- Board Certification – Following successful completion of dermatology residency, an individual must pass a series of medical examinations to obtain their specialist certification, denoted as FRCPC (Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons).
- Post Certification – To ensure ongoing proficiency in the field, all medical specialists are required to complete a mandatory Maintenance of Certification Program regulated by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. This involves additional training, reading, and conference involvement over and above the daily practice of medicine.